Information About Hemorrhoids

When the blood veins which are located in lower rectum, or within the anus become swollen and engorged and start itching and causing pain, the diagnoses is often hemorrhoids. This condition of swollen painful veins can be either internal, or external, causing the vein to protrude from the anus. On occasion, both types will occur at the same time for some unlucky sufferers.

Hemorrhoid tissue is caused by excessive pressure on the delicate anal and rectal veins and often this pressure is caused by straining during bowel movements due to constipation. Because it is such a common problem, hemorrhoids occur all too often in many people. Frequent diarrhea can be a culprit in the appearance of hemorrhoids as well as frequent constipation. Hence, diets, which are lacking in the fiber found in fruits, nuts, vegetables and whole grains, are likely to contribute to a problem with hemorrhoids. Other common denominators are an insufficient intake of fluid, and a lack of exercise. Jobs that keep people seated for extended amounts of time are also guilty of adding to the likelihood of hemorrhoids. The increased blood volume associated with pregnancy, and the strain put on the veins during the pushing stage of labor and delivery make hemorrhoids a recurrent problem in women of childbearing age. Overweight people who live sedentary lives are also appreciably at risk.

One or more of the following issues often indicate the presence of hemorrhoids; anal itchiness, anal pain, a burning sensation when moving bowels, signs of fresh blood that occur with bowel movements, and irregular lumps or protrusions around the anal area. Hemorrhoids can usually be diagnosed by a family physician during a routine physical examination.

Being diagnosed with hemorrhoids is not the end of the world, as they seldom pose a serious health problem. However, on occasions that are thankfully rare, hemorrhoids can become severe and cause extreme pain or substantial bleeding. It must be noted that any bleeding from the rectum needs to be discussed with of a physician as there are more serious diseases, such as colon or rectal cancer, for which rectal bleeding is often a symptom.

The most common treatment for a case of hemorrhoids is often the use of medicated pads and over-the-counter creams, which temporarily reduce the symptoms. It should be noted that these ought to be considered for short-term use only. Sitz baths, witch hazel, or using suppositories to softener the stool can help to ease symptoms. The more persistent or severe cases might indicate that surgery is in order. Surgical intervention is invasive and usually considered only when other remedies have failed and the problem is significant enough to warrant the use of invasive procedure. This option usually entails removal of the involved portion of vein or stapling off a section to block the blood flow. Chemical injections are another option used to shrink swelling tissue, and there is also a procedure in which a rubber band with which the involved section of vein is tied off so that it will wither and shrink. Lasers utilize infrared light or heat to harden a hemorrhoid until it shrivels and dies.

Modification of one’s lifestyle is often prescribed to attain and then maintain a life free of hemorrhoids. A sufficient fluid intake (drinking a minimum of 64 ounces of water every day) is crucial to maintaining a healthy digestive tract. Exercise also keeps the body healthy and bowel movements more regular, which in turn prevents the reoccurrence of constipation, and thus the reoccurrence of hemorrhoids. A revision of diet to include foods fiber rich foods, such as whole grains, fruits and vegetables (or the addition of a fiber supplement if needed) will also help retain a healthy digestive system. Hemorrhoids are uncomfortable, and while they may not be a major health concern, they are certainly an undesirable one but hemorrhoids are both avoidable and treatable.

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